Wilkes University

Evidence-Based Practice and Information Mastery: Home

A guide on the method of applying evidence-based practice to combat information overload and help the practitioner locate, evaluate and integrate the best information to improve the quality of care for the patient.

What Is Evidence-Based Practicce?


“Evidence-based medicine is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values.”  (Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et al. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000, p.1.)

What is Information Mastery?

"Information Mastery is the application of the principles of evidence-based medicine concepts and techniques to the day-to-day practice of medical care. The concepts were developed in the early 1990s by Allen F. Shaughnessy, PharmD, MMedEd of Tufts University and David Slawson, MD of the University of Virginia."

Source: Tufts University School of Medicine: Center for Information Mastery. http://medicine.tufts.edu/Education/Academic-Departments/Clinical-Departments/Family-Medicine/Center-for-Information-Mastery. Retrieved 9 March 2015

Information Mastery is based on several concepts:

  • Patient-Oriented Evidence vs. Disease-Oriented Evidence
  • Usefulness Equation - determining which information source is most useful to the healthcare provider/practioner. Information must be relevant to the practice; it must have validity; and it must take little work to acquire.

    Usefulness = Relevance x Validity

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  • Two Tools Are Needed - a reliable source for Point-of-Care at bedside, i.e. Dynamed, and another tool for "keeping up with the literature," i.e. POEMS from Essential Evidence Plus.
  • Clinical Jazz - a creative rendering of the EBM Triad

Subject Guide

Bridget Conlogue's picture
Bridget Conlogue
Stark Learning Center - Pharmacy Information Center. My hours: Monday - Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.EST