Wilkes University

Vancouver Referencing Guide: Federal and State Rules and Regulations

A guide to the Vancouver referencing style commonly used in the biomedical sciences

Federal Rules and Regulations

Federal Register
The Federal Register is the daily publication for notices and proposed and final administrative regulations of federal agencies. It is a current chronological record. Annually the permanent rules published in the Federal Register are codified in the Code of Federal Regulations.

An item from the Federal Register is cited the same way as a standard journal article. Abbreviate the title to Fed Regist. and see journal article citation information.

Standard Format for Citation:

Title. Abbreviation for Federal Register. Date of publication;annual volume number(issue number):page number(s).

Evidentiary requirements for making findings about medical equivalence. Final rules. Fed Regist. 2006 Mar 1;71(40):10419-33.

Over-the-counter human drugs: labeling requirements. Fed Regist [regulation on the Internet]. 1999 Mar 15 [cited Dec 3]; 64:13254-5.
Available from:  http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-1999-03-17/pdf/99-6296.pdf

Code of Federal Regulations

Code of Federal Regulations
The Code of Federal Regulations is the codification of the permanent rules of the Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. Each title is divided into chapters, which usually bear the name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into parts that cover specific regulatory areas. Large parts may be subdivided into subparts, then sections.

Standard Format for Citation:

Title, if the regulation has one, title number, abbreviation for Code of Federal Regulations section symbol, section number, (year).

Cardiopulmonary Bypass Intracardiac Suction Control, 21 C.F.R. § 870.4430 (2002).

Services: requirements and limits applicable to specific services, 42 C.F.R. § 441 (1995) [regulation on the Internet]. [cited 2013 Aug 22]. Available from: http://cfr.regstoday.com/42cfr441.aspx


Pennsylvania Bulletin

The Pennsylvania Bulletin
The Pennsylvania Bulletin is a weekly publication listing proposed and final regulations of the various state departments and agencies, notices of meetings, state and local court rules, and statecontract information.  It is a chronological record.  Annually the permanent rules published in the Pennsylvania Bulletin are codified in the Pennsylvania Code.

Standard Format for Citation:

Volume, abbreviation for Pennsylvania Bulletin, page number, title.

27 Pa.B. 6218 Approval of Plans:  Pharmacy Alterations.

43 Pa.B. 376 Sexual Assault Victim Emergency Services; Listing of Hospitals that May Not Provide Emergency Contraception and Hospitals that May Not Provide any Sexual Assault Emergency Services [state regulation on the Internet]. [cited 2013 Dec 12] Available from: http://www.pabulletin.com/secure/data/vol43/43-3/98.html

Pennsylvania Code

Pennsylvania Code
The Pennsylvania Code is the official publication of current rules and regulations in force for the state.  It is organized under a subject arrangement of 55 titles and is updated irregularly.

Standard Format for Citation:

Title number, abbreviation for Pennsylvania Code, chapter symbol, chapter number.

49 Pa.Code, § 27.

34 Pa. Code § 35.5 [regulation on the Internet]. [cited 2013 Dec 3]. Available from: http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/034/chapter35/s35.5.html