Wilkes University

Vancouver Referencing Guide: Newspaper Articles

A guide to the Vancouver referencing style commonly used in the biomedical sciences

Print Newspaper Articles

References to articles in newspapers are very similar to those for journal articles:

  • Months are abbreviated to the first three letters.
  • The date is followed by a semicolon (with no space after it).

There are some major differences:

  • Names of newspapers are never abbreviated (e.g., "The Washington Post" not "Wash Post"), although a leading "The" may be dropped if desired.
  • The location where a newspaper is published is added to the title if the newspaper title does not indicate it, either within or after the title, as appropriate.
  • Section (abbreviated “Sect.”) information, if present, replaces volume and issue information. The section is followed by a colon (with no space after it).Sections may be letters, numbers, or names (e.g, “Sect.2” or “Sect.B” or “Health” or “Sports.”). If a section has a name instead of a number or letter, use the name alone without "Sect." Convert Roman numerals used for section numbers into Arabic numerals (e.g., II becomes 2).
  • Only the beginning page number of an article is included.
  • Column (abbreviated “Col.”) location is added (e.g., Col.2), followed by a period.

When a newspaper article has an author or authors, it is said to be "signed." Newspaper articles may be signed either at the beginning of the article or at its conclusion. If the article is signed, begin the reference with the author; if the article is unsigned, begin the reference with the title of the article; do not use of "anonymous."

The source for title and other newspaper information is, in order of preference: (1) the title page or home page of the newspaper and (2) the masthead.

The specific edition of a newspaper (if there is one) is a required component of a citation. The same article may or may not appear in different editions, and the text of an article often varies among editions.

Standard format for print newspaper article

Author. Title of article. Title of Newspaper (Edition). Year Month Day:Sect.:page (col.).

 Examples

Standard Signed Newspaper Article
Harris G. FDA orders recall of intravenous pumps. New York Times (Washington Final). 2005 Jun 22;Sect. A:12 (col. 1).

Standard unsigned newspaper article
Woman in L.A. tests positive for plague. Richmond Times-Dispatch. 2006 Apr 20;Sect. A:7 (col. 6).

Newspaper article with organization as author
Associated Press. Mumps outbreak spreading in Midwest. Richmond Times-Dispatch. 2006 Apr 20;Sect. A:3 (col. 1).

Newspaper article with city of publication added for clarification
McCollum DG. More abuse victims would tell doctors - if doctors would ask. (Minneapolis) Star-Tribune (Metro Ed.). 1996 Feb 3;Health:23 (col. 1).

Newspaper article with city added and edition
UnitedHealth-PacifiCare deal hailed, deplored. The (Baltimore) Sun (Weekend Ed.). 2005 Jul 8;Sect. E:1 (col.1).

Newspaper section with name
Graedon J, Graedon T. Amnesia and cholesterol-lowering prescription drugs. The (Baltimore) Sun (Weekend Ed.). 2005 Jul 24;Home & Family:8N (col. 1).

Online Newspaper Articles

 

 

An Internet version of a newspaper article may be the equivalent of the print version or it may differ, so it is important to cite the version you have actually viewed. If you are citing an article from an online database (e.g. Academic Search Premier), that, too, should be noted.

Cite an Internet newspaper article with these additional qualifications:

  • Use the word "newspaper on the Internet" in square brackets after the newspaper title
  • Include any update or revision date if there is one and a date of citation in square brackets following the date of publication
  • When inclusive pagination (extent) of the article is not provided, as often occurs, calculate the length of the article using the best means possible, e.g., in terms of pages when printed out, screens, or paragraphs, preceding the number with the word “about” and place the count used in square brackets (e.g., [about 5 screens]). End with a period placed outside the closing bracket.
  • Provide the URL or other electronic address of the article
  • If the article was accesses through a database, cite it as you would an article published online but include the name of the database and its main entrance URL in the Availability statement.

Standard format for online newspaper article

Author. Title of article. Title of Newspaper (Edition)[newspaper on the Internet]. Year Month Day [date cited Year Mon Day]:Sect.:page. Available from:

Examples

Newspaper article accessed on the Internet

Carey B. Psychiatrists revise the book of human troubles. New York Times [newspaper on the Internet]. 2008 Dec 17 [cited 2008 Dec 19];Health:[about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/18/health/18psych.html?_r=1&em

Grady D. Jump in doctor visits and deaths in flu season. New York Times [newspaper on the Internet]. 2008 Apr 18 [cited 2008 Dec 19];Research:[about 4 screens]. Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/18/health/research/18flu.html?scp=7&sq=flu%20season&st=cse

Lyderson K. Risk of disease rises with water temperatures. Washington Post [newspaper on the Internet]. 2008 Oct 20 [cited 2008 Dec 19]:A08. Available from: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/19/AR2008101901533.html

Newspaper article accessed from an online full text database
Doshi P. Selling 'pandemic flu' through a language of fear. Christian Science Monitor [newspaper on the Internet]. 2006 Mar 21 [cited August 14, 2013]: 9. Available from: [database name] http://emmerson.csc.wilkes.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?authtype=ip,uid&profile=ehost&defaultdb=aph

Kolata G. Experts unlock clues to spread of 1918 flu virus. New York Times (late edition) [newspaper on the Internet]. 2005 Oct 6 [cited 14 Aug 2013];A1 [about 2p.]. Available from: Proquest http://search.proquest.com/