Wilkes University

Vancouver Referencing Guide: Web Pages

A guide to the Vancouver referencing style commonly used in the biomedical sciences

Web Site

Unlike the titles of other kinds of resources, titles on Webpages should be reproduced as closely as possible to the wording on the screen, duplicating capitalization, spacing, punctuation, and special characters when possible. This may mean all lower case letters (e.g., medicinebydesign), capital letters within words (e.g., netLibrary), run-together words, etc.

Standard Citation for the Homepage (first or introductory page) of a Web site

Author.  Title [Internet].  Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication [Date of Update/Revision; Date of citation].  Available from: URL


Cancer-Pain.org: Knowledge for Action [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16; cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.

Hypertension, Dialysis & Clinical Nephrology [Internet]. Hinsdale (IL): Medtext, Inc.; c1995-2001 [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.medtext.com/.

Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute [Internet].  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University; © 2009 [cited 2009 Sep 23].  Available from http://malaria.jhsph.edu/.

Part of Web Site

Standard Citation for Part (such as specific pages) of a Web site

Author.  Title of homepage [Internet].  Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication [Date of Update/Revision]. Author. Title of part/page; Date of publication of part/page [date of citation of part]. Available from: URL


Healthy.net, healthy people, healthy planet [Internet]. [place unknown]: HealthWorld Online; [cited 2013 Aug 23]. Zand J. The natural pharmacy: herbal medicine for depression; c1999 [cited 2013 Aug 23]. Available from: http://www.healthy.net/Health/Article/The_Natural_Pharmacy_Herbal_Medicine_for_Depression/920

NIH SeniorHealth [Internet]. [Bethesda (MD]): National Institute on Aging (US); 2013. Alzheimer's Disease; reviewed 2012 Dec [cited 2012 Dec 27]. Available from:

Welcome to Alcoholics anonymous [Internet]. New York (NY): Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc.; c2013. Information for professionals; c2013 [cited 2013 May 2]. Available from: http://www.aa.org/lang/en/subpage.cfm?page=8

fruits & veggies - more matters™ [Internet]. [place unknown]: Produce for Better Health Foundation; c2008-2013. Ways to get more; [cited 2013 Aug 20]. Available from: http://www.fruitsandveggiesmorematters.org/?page_id=113&iCat=22